Industrial Hemp Compared to Medical Cannabis—Derived CBD
The main difference between cannabis plants and hemp plants is the content of resin. Industrial hemp is from pedigree seed, and it only contains a small amount of resin. These low resin agricultural crops are machine harvested and transformed into various products such as ropes, plastics, and fabrics, among others.
Some believe that the word Canvas is a variation of the term cannabis. Recreational and medicinal cannabis used in Contemporary societies contains a high amount of resin. Usually hand-harvested from asexually-reproduced female clones, these plants then undergo drying, trimming, and curing.
Whether extracted from cannabis or hemp, the CBD molecule is similar. There is about 3.5% CBD in industrial hemp and a tiny amount of THC – less than 0.1%. Well, you will need a large amount of industrial hemp to get the right concentration for high-quality CBD products. Usually, the main challenge is the extraction of the CBD.
Solvents such as butane and hexane are the cheapest ways of extracting CBD from industrial hemp. However, it is not the best method since toxic residues can remain. In 2014, tests found dangerous hexane residues in random CBD products samples. In addition to this, the hemp plant is an effective bioaccumulator that absorbs toxins from the soil.
The plant was so capable that it was used in the cleanup of the Chernobyl nuclear plant after the disaster. As a result, the soil where the hemp plant grows should always be examined, mainly if intended for human consumption. Organic approaches in the cultivation of the hemp plant are ideal.
The majority of the hemp used to make products comes from China, and it may contain high amounts of heavy metals and other chemicals. Toxic chemicals accumulate and increase strength following the extraction and concentration of the hemp. It is not possible to separate the toxic chemicals during the extraction process. Therefore, you should always look out for information on the source of the hemp, and the growing techniques employed.
Most of the cannabis used in the medical marijuana industry has a significant amount of THC. But still, you will find strains with higher CBD content, something like 20%. Numerous manufacturers use hemp from China, and according to current regulations, they should not refer to it as industrial hemp. They should not market their products as dietary supplements. In 2016, the FDA singled out 8 CBD companies for flouting the regulations.
The companies were making unsubstantiated medical claims and making substandard CBD products. The DEA and FDA are yet to make any approvals of CBD products for use as supplements. However, according to the US state medical cannabis laws, a certified medical patient can take CBD oil according to the local guidelines. That has to be in a state where cannabis for leisure or medicinal use is legal, or they have to be CBD only products.
Industrial Hemp versus Cannabis: The Differences
Cannabis and Hemp as Sources of CBD
As mentioned above, resin content is the main difference between cannabis and industrial hemp. Typically, cannabis plants have a high content of resin, while most hemp is low resin. That means CBD can come from both cannabis and industrial hemp. Of course, they are plants of the same family genus that took different genetic paths.
Another difference between them is the method of cultivation and production of CBD. The general application can also be quite different between the two cousins of the cannabis Sativa plant family.
The legal regime regarding hemp farming has experienced significant changes for the better over the last decade. Industrial hemp is practically back after 80 years in the freezer. At the moment, there is a lot of debate as to which CBD source between cannabis and industrial hemp is better, with no clear right and wrong.
There is a bit of confusion and complexity that the whole topic wades through, mainly based on the legal morass. Most people think that hemp-derived CBD products are legal, but it is not always as simple as it seems.
Well, in these contemporary times of cannabis Sativa therapeutics, both the paths of the cannabis and industrial hemp are converging. The current manipulation of genes and cross-breeding for patients’ benefits is blurring the differences between the two. But it is still essential to know the differences between cannabis and industrial hemp, at least at the moment.
We might as well jump into the controversial debate for a moment here to help with your understanding.
Hemp versus Cannabis
Both plants are from the species of the oldest domesticated crop. Human beings cultivated different varieties of cannabis Sativa throughout history for different purposes. They emerged through genetic selections and environments over the centuries.
Early Civilizations cultivated the tall, strong plants for fabrics, building materials, sails, and ropes.